In nowadays Russia has change,is a different country than was before 10-15 years. A trip to this country is an exciting experience, St Petersburg called ” The Northern Venice “(16km of embankments,48 canals and rivers,800 bridges),you can go a sort trip by boat or you can visit the huge palaces,churches and one of the biggest museum in the world. Moscow is the 7th biggest city of the world with 10.000.000 people,so you can understand that is difficult to see as much you want,but the most interesting sites is the Moscow metro,the Kremlin,the Red Square (Lenin’s Mausoleum-St Basil’s cathedral),the Bolshoi theatre and the cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
St Petersburg or “Leningrand” is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva river at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. In 1914 the name of city was changed to Petrograd , in 1924 to Leningrad and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter I of Russia (or Peter the Great) on 1703. From 1713 through 1728 and from 1732 it was the capital of the country until 1918 when the central government bodies moved from Petrograd to Moscow. It is Russia’s second largest city after Moscow with 4.6 million inhabitants. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.
The State Hermitage Museum
The third biggest art museum in the world it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and open to the public since 1852, bases on the collections of the Russian royal families starting from th 18th century. The museum locates in formal imperial residences,housing millions of exhibits in hundreds of rooms.Out of six buildings of the main museum complex, four, namely the Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage and New Hermitage, are partially open to the public. The other two are Hermitage Theatre and the Reserve House. If someone wants to see it all,he needs 8 years…!!!!
The Catherine’s palace
The Isaac’s cathedral
St Isaac’s cathedral is one of the world’s biggest orthodox churches,was ordered by Tsar Alexader I, to replace an earlier Rinaldiesque structure. A specially appointed commission examined several designs, including that of the French-born architect Auguste de Montferrand (1786–1858).It was built 40 years 1818-1858. The interior is richly decorated with paintings,icons,frescos,mosaics and golden relieves. The cathedral has places for over 14.000 people inside..!! On the colonnades,there is a panorama terrace over the city.
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia. In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union. Moscow is situated on the banks of the Moskva River, which flows for just over 500 km through the East European Plain in central Russia. 49 bridges span the river and its canals within the city’s limits.
The Kremlin is the oldest part of the city,the heart of Russia symbolizing its mystery and power. On the ancient grounds tsars were crowned and buried. Kremlin was the headquarters of the USSR and nowadays houses the highest administration of Russia. Inside the Kremlin walls there are medieval cathedrals ans historical monuments.
Red Square – Lenin’s Mausoleum – St Basil’s cathedral
- Red Square is a city square in Moscow. The square separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. As major streets of Moscow radiate from here in all directions, being promoted to major highways outside the city, Red Square is often considered the central square of Moscow and all of Russia.Is the old market place of Moscow .was a world-famous scene of Soviet military parades.
- Lenin’s Mausoleum ,also known as Lenin’s Tomb, situated in Red Square in the center of Moscow, is the mausoleum that serves as the currentresting place of Vladimir Lenin. His embalmed body has been on public display there since shortly after his death in 1924.
- St Basil’s cathedral was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible and build on the edge of the Red Square between 1555 and 1561. Legend says that Tsar ordered the architect to be blinded to prevent him from ever creating anything to rival its beauty again. The cathedral was built to commemorate Ivan the Terrible’s victory against the Tatar Mongola in 1552 in the city of Kazan. Every detail of the cathedral religious symbolism.
The Moscow’s Metro
The Moscow’s subway stations are often called “the people’s palaces”, for their posh designs and lavish use of marble,mosaics,sculptures and chandeliers. Built during Stalin’s rule,these metro stations were supposed to display the best of Soviet architecture and represent the wealth of Soviet citizens.Opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union. Currently, Moscow Metro has 182 stations. Its route length is 301.2 kilometres (187.2 mi). The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section located at 84 metres (276 ft) below ground, at Park Pobedy station.
A trip to Russia is a great and memorable experience…enjoy it..!!!